Female genital mutilation is practiced in 28 countries of africa and the middle east in fgm prevalence, some regional patterns have also been observed during 1989-2002, the health surveys that were done within north-eastern africa, the prevalence of fgm was estimated at 80-97 percent. The practice of female genital cutting, or female genital mutilation (fgc/m), has been in existence for centuries although oftentimes associated with islam, the practice does not fall under sharia law and is not practiced by many islamic groups additionally, many non-muslim communities utliize the practice. Female genital mutilation (fgm), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitaliathe practice is found in africa, asia and the middle east, and within communities from countries in which fgm is common.
Female genital mutilation (fgm), a deeply rooted traditional practice, is believed to have started in egypt some 2,000 years ago it is estimated that more than 135 million girls and women in the world have undergone fgm and 2 million girls a year are at risk of mutilation. Female genital mutilation female genital mutilation is done to women in countries such as: africa, the middle east, and south east asia it is a procedure in which the genitals of a young girl or child or removed or circumcised. The campaign against fgm in the middle east & asia is three years old now our first aim was to get the message out that female genital mutilation (fgm) exists not only in africa, but also in many countries in the middle east and asia. Female genital mutilation is a practice that has been carried out for many years especially in africa and the muslim nations however, the negative effects associated with the procedure have led to the intervention by governments and the international community.
Fgm is practised by many ethnic groups, from the east to the west coast of africa, in southern parts of the arabian peninsula, along the persian gulf and among some migrants from these areas in europe, australia and north america. Although female genital mutilation in africa has gained much attention in the west, it is practiced elsewhere in the islamic world among social activists and feminists, combating female genital mutilation (fgm) is an important policy goal. Female genital mutilation has been reported to occur in all parts of the world, but it is most prevalent in: the western, eastern, and north-eastern regions of africa, some countries in asia and. Fgm female genital mutilation violence against women identification of the population: while the population for this study is women worldwide, since gender violence is a matter for all women, that particular focus for this research is the topic of female genital mutilation.
Africa to institutionalise the developed gbv indicators into their national systems the following section gives a brief overview of the situation regarding violence against women for each country in africa. In 2012, mona eltahawy published an essay in foreign policy magazine, ‘why do they hate us,’ that drew attention to the unequal and precarious position of women in the middle east and north. Female circumcision, better known as female genital mutilation, is an ugly monster finally rearing its head from out of the depths of time it can attack a girl at any age, with a little prompting from her society, and the aid of an unsuspecting human wielding the knife. Female genital mutilation – violating women’s rights and bodies female genital mutilation is often abbreviated “fgm” and is also known as female genital cutting (fgc) or female circumcision according to the world health organization, there are 4 major types of practices the most common one is the clitoridectomy, a partial or total removal of the clitoris. Female genital mutilation and cutting is a violation of the basic rights of women and girls, said carol bellamy, executive director of the un's children's agency (unicef), on february 7 2005.
While unicef currently works in 22 countries on the elimination of fgm/c, since 2008 unfpa and unicef have collaborated on the unfpa-unicef joint programme on female genital mutilation/cutting: accelerating change , which now extends to 17 of those countries in west, east and north africa among the largest programmes on the issue, unfpa and. Female genital mutilation has been documented in 30 countries, mainly in africa, as well as in the middle east and asia some forms of female genital mutilation have also been reported in other countries, including among certain ethnic groups in south america. We will write a custom essay sample on female genital mutilation in the middle east and north africa specifically for you for only $1638 $139 /page order now.
The mutilation is one of the most popular assignments among students' documents if you are stuck with writing or missing ideas, scroll down and find inspiration in the best samples mutilation is quite a rare and popular topic for writing an essay, but it certainly is in our database. The policy on female genital mutilation (fgm), adopted by the human rights commission of ontario, canada, in 1996 (and further revised it in 2000) acknowledges the practice as an internationally recognized violation against women and girls’ human rights and looks at the domestic implications of. Unfortunately, in areas like africa, middle east, and southeast asia, it is unacceptable for a mother or grandmother to have their daughter circumcised, also known as female genital mutilation the clitoris or other genital parts are cut out with a small blade or a piece of glass, and then it is sewn together.
Spend some time in the middle east or north africa talking about gender and you might hear the expression, my arab brother before my western sister, a warning to be quiet about injustice so as. Female genital mutilation (fgm), also known as female genital cutting (fgc), is practised in 30 countries in western, eastern, and north-eastern africa, in parts of the middle east and asia, and within some immigrant communities in europe, north america and australia. Female genital mutilation is classified into four major types: type 1 – clitoridectomy: partial or total removal of the clitoris (a small, sensitive and erectile part of the female genitals) and, in very rare cases, only the prepuce (the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris.